Posts made in August, 2019

254. Philoxenus the Scribe (d. 1421)

Posted by on Aug 19, 2019 in Library, Scholars and Writers | 0 comments

Philoxenus the Scribe (d. 1421) Philoxenus was ordained a metropolitan and then consecrated Patriarch of Antioch in 1387 at the Kwaykhat Monastery. He is the second patriarch by this name. He resided in al-Sham (Syria) and died in 1421. The writer who continued Bar Hebraeus’s Ecclesiastical History praised him greatly. He stated, “Philoxenus was an excellent writer and a competent doctor in both religious and secular sciences. He is only matched by the priest Isaiah of Basibrina.”521 However, we have discovered none of his...

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253. Patriarch Ibrahim ibn Gharib (d. 1412)

Posted by on Aug 19, 2019 in Library, Scholars and Writers | 0 comments

Patriarch Ibrahim ibn Gharib (d. 1412) Patriarch Ibrahim is a brother of the Metropolitan Yusuf (Joseph) ibn Gharib. He became a monk at the Mar Hananya Monastery and was ordained a priest before 1355. He loved learning and had a collection of books.518 About 1375 he succeeded his brother as Metropolitan of Amid, assuming the name Cyril. He compiled a liturgy containing anaphoras (liturgy or missal) of the Fathers of the Church, including one written by his brother in thirteen pages.519 He wrote a husoyo for the morning service of the Saturday of Lazarus.520 He was installed as a patriarch of...

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252. The Monk Daniel of Mardin (1382)

Posted by on Aug 19, 2019 in Library, Scholars and Writers | 0 comments

The Monk Daniel of Mardin (1382) Daniel, who is also known as Ibn Isa, is an eminent learned man. He was born at Mardin in 1327, became a monk and then was ordained a priest at the Qatra Monastery. He studied and excelled in the Syriac language. Burned by desire to continue his studies, Daniel went to Egypt in 1356, where he spent seventeen years studying Arabic literature, dialectics and philosophy. Later he returned to his own country.509 He wrote in pleasant Arabic Kitab Usul al-Din (The Book of the Fundamentals of Religion) for which he was persecuted by the tyrant ruler, but the people...

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1. Yusuf (Joseph) bar Gharib, metropolitan of Amid (d. 1375)

Posted by on Aug 13, 2019 in Library, Scholars and Writers | 0 comments

Yusuf (Joseph) bar Gharib, metropolitan of Amid (d. 1375) Joseph is the son of the noble elder Cyriacus, son of Gharib of Amid. He became a monk at the Monastery of Mar Hananya, was ordained a priest shortly before 1340 and then consecrated a metropolitan of Diyarbakr, assuming the name Dionysius. He most probably died shortly before 1375. A proficient writer, Bar Gharib wrote six husoyos for Lent and Palm Sunday. His name appears on these husoyos in ancient copies in Tur Abdin and the Zafaran Monastery. These husoyos have become part of the Church rite. In 1360 he wrote yet another husoyo...

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250. The Monk Ibrahim of Mardin (1365)

Posted by on Aug 13, 2019 in Library, Scholars and Writers | 0 comments

The Monk Ibrahim of Mardin (1365) Ibrahim lived in the middle of the fourteenth century. He wrote an eight-page historical tract as related to him by the priest Aaron of Arzinjan and the Metropolitan Jacob Haddad of Hattakh. In this tract he mentioned the family of the former, the church of Arzinjan and the fate of the magnificent church objects, the precious books which were at the Monastery of Mar Barsoum, the seat of the patriarch, and the manuscripts transcribed by the monk Zabina of Shalbdin. He also mentioned the library of the Syrian Monastery in Egypt. We found two copies of this...

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