Posts made in October, 2013

THE BABYLONIAN ZODIAC Robert Powell, Ph.D.

Posted by on Oct 21, 2013 in Library | Comments Off on THE BABYLONIAN ZODIAC Robert Powell, Ph.D.

Abstract: This paper outlines the historical background of the ancient sidereal zodiac of the Babylonians. Sidereal means “of the stars”. Both the ancient Babylonian zodiac and the modern astronomical zodiac are sidereal, i.e., defined in relation to the stars belonging to the zodiacal belt. Whereas the Babylonian zodiac comprised twelve equal constellations, each 30 degrees in length, the astronomical zodiac is made up of twelve unequal-length constellations. Following the definition of the Greek astronomer Hipparchus (second century B.C.), where 30-degree constellational...

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Sennacherib, Archimedes, and the Water Screw The Context of Invention in the Ancient World S T E P H A N I E D A L L E Y a n d J O H N P E T E R O L E S O N

Posted by on Oct 21, 2013 in Library | 2 comments

T E C H N O L O G Y   A N D   C U L T U R E 1 This article will present the cases for and against Archimedes as the original inventor of the most striking and famous device attributed to him, the water screw. It takes the form of a case study that focuses as much on the context and motives for the invention as on the possible inventor himself. In brief, an Archimedean water screw consists of a cylinder containing several continuous helical walls that, when the entire cylinder is rotated on its longitudinal axis, scoop up water at the open lower end and dump it out the upper end. Both...

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The First Children’s Literature? The Case for Sumer / Gillian Adam

Posted by on Oct 7, 2013 in Library | Comments Off on The First Children’s Literature? The Case for Sumer / Gillian Adam

Children’s literature, as the term is generally understood today, cannot be said to exist before the eighteenth century and the advent of printed books marketed to children for their enjoyment. Some scholars, however, believe that works from earlier periods routinely associated with children, even if their purpose is didactic or they were not written specifically for children, can also be classified as children’s literature. Standard bibliographies of children’s literature begin with texts from the medieval period; in addition, recent scholarship has focused on medieval...

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Julia Domna 170 CE Syria

Posted by on Oct 7, 2013 in Library | 1 comment

Julia Domna is a philosopher from the Near East. She was born in Syria but became Empress of Rome. She both practiced philosophy in her life and was patron to a number of philosophers of her time. Julia Domna is known to historians as a Roman Empress and in the Numismatics community as the face on numerous collectible Roman coins. In philosophy she is celebrated as the woman who restored philosophy to a place of honor in the Roman Empire and who brought political acumen to the ruling of the Roman Empire. LIfe of Jula Domna Julia Domna was born in Emesa (now Homs), Syria in 170 CE. Emesa...

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