Posts made in January, 2013

Sufism – De Lacy O’ley

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Articles, Library | Comments Off on Sufism – De Lacy O’ley

Sufism or Islamic mysticism, which becomes prominent in the course of the 3rd cent. A.H., was partly a product of Hellenistic influences, and exercised a considerable influence on the philosophers of the time of Ibn Sina and afterwards. The name Sufi is derived from suf “wool,” and so means “wool-clad,” thus denoting a person who from choice used clothing of the simplest kind and avoided every form of luxury or ostentation. That this is the true meaning is proved by the fact that Persian employs as its equivalent the termpashmina-push, which also means...

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THE EASTERN PHILOSOPHERS – De Lacy O’lery

Posted by on Jan 15, 2013 in Articles, Library | Comments Off on THE EASTERN PHILOSOPHERS – De Lacy O’lery

The Aristotelian philosophy was first made known to the Muslim world through the medium of Syriac translations and commentaries, and the particular commentaries used amongst the Syrians never ceased to control the direction of Arabic thought. From the time of al-Ma’mun the text of Aristotle began to be better known, as translations were made directly from the Greek, and this resulted in a more accurate appreciation of his teaching, although still largely controlled by the suggestions of the commentaries circulated amongst the Syrians. The Arabic writers give the name...

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THE MU‘TAZILITES – De Lacy O’lery

Posted by on Jan 15, 2013 in Articles, Library | Comments Off on THE MU‘TAZILITES – De Lacy O’lery

When the Aristotelian philosophy was first made known to the Muslim world it was received almost as a revelation supplementing the Qur’an. At that time it was very imperfectly understood and the discrepancies between it and orthodox theology were not perceived. Thus the Qur’an and Aristotle were read together and regarded as supplementing one another in perfect good faith, but inevitably the conclusions, and still more perhaps the methods, of Greek philosophy began to act as a powerful solvent on the traditional beliefs. Maqrizi refers to the Mu‘tazilites as seizing with avidity on the...

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THE TRANSLATORS – De Lacy O’lery

Posted by on Jan 15, 2013 in Articles, Library | Comments Off on THE TRANSLATORS – De Lacy O’lery

One of the first and most significant indications of the new orientation of Muslim thought was the extensive production of Arabic translations of works dealing with philosophical and scientific subjects, with the result that eighty years after the f all of the ‘Umayyads the Arabic speaking world possessed Arabic translations of the greater part of the works of Aristotle, of the leading neo-Platonic commentators, of some of the works of Plato, of the greater part of the works of Galen, and portions of other medical writers and their commentators, as well as of other Greek scientific...

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THE COMING OF THE ‘ABBASIDS – De Lacy O’lery

Posted by on Jan 5, 2013 in Articles, Library | Comments Off on THE COMING OF THE ‘ABBASIDS – De Lacy O’lery

The rule of the ‘Umayyads had been a period of tyrannical oppression on the part of the Arab rulers upon their non-Arab subjects and especially upon themawali or converts drawn from the native population of the conquered provinces who not only were not admitted to equality, as was the professed principle of the religion of Islam, but were treated simply as serfs. This was in no sense due to religious persecution, for it was the converts who were the most aggrieved, nor was it due to a racial antipathy as between a Semitic and an Aryan people, nor yet to anything that could be described...

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